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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMSTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score18.02
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#232  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mysql.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedev.mysql.com/­doctrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperElasticGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release2010201219952014
Current release7.8.0, June 20208.0.26, July 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntaxJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornonoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ElasticsearchFirebase Realtime DatabaseMySQLTrafodion
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