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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Our visitors often compare Elasticsearch and Firebase Realtime Database with MySQL, MongoDB and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score159.09
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score20.06
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperElasticGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release20102012
Current release7.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
ElasticsearchFirebase Realtime Database
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Recent citations in the news

Instaclustr Elasticsearch cloud service becomes OpenSearch
1 November 2021, ZDNet

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15 November 2021, InfoWorld

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4 November 2021, Wire19

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8 November 2021, Motley Fool

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26 November 2021, Northwest Diamond Notes

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2 August 2021, VentureBeat

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9 November 2021, SitePoint

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9 March 2020, Database Journal

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18 May 2021, TechCrunch

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