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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Fauna vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Fauna vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFauna  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricFauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score155.76
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#21  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#62  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score7.43
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfauna.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.fauna.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperElasticFauna, Inc.Google
Initial release201020142017
Current release7.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop ConnectornoUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlIdentity management, authentication, and access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchFaunaGoogle Cloud Firestore
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Serverless database delivered as an API Web-native security model with attribute...
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Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
100% serverless , no connection pooling bottlenecks, or cold starts unlike legacy...
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Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Javascript apps Serverless backends for microservices Cloud-native apps B2B and B2C...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
ShiftX
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
Usage-based pricing including a free tier
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchFaunaGoogle Cloud Firestore
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