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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Fauna vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Fauna vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonFauna  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricFauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score157.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.53
Rank#136  Overall
#22  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#67  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score17.95
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchfauna.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.fauna.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperElasticFauna, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release201020142012
Current release7.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionslimited functionality with using 'rules'
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlIdentity management, authentication, and access controlyes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchFaunaFirebase Realtime Database
Specific characteristicsServerless database delivered as an API Web-native security model with attribute...
» more
Competitive advantages100% serverless , no connection pooling bottlenecks, or cold starts unlike legacy...
» more
Typical application scenariosJavascript apps Serverless backends for microservices Cloud-native apps B2B and B2C...
» more
Key customersShiftX
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsUsage-based pricing including a free tier
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchFaunaFirebase Realtime Database
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Recent citations in the news

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13 July 2021, VentureBeat

AWS Elasticsearch fork exits beta, but legal battle rages on
14 July 2021, TechRadar

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