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DBMS > Ehcache vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Ehcache vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsMicrosofts relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Graph DBMS infoexperimental
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.66
Rank#54  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score1038.09
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.12
Rank#85  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score1.47
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.17
Rank#286  Overall
#25  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.ehcache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netwww.stardog.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationwww.ehcache.org/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGMicrosoftHibernating RhinosStardog-Union
Initial release20091989201020102009
Current release3.8.1, September 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20195.1, November 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
RavenDB Cloud: Deploy a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes on AWS, Azure, and GCP. HIPPA compliant. Enjoy a globally distributed cluster with enterprise-grade security and reduce cloud storage costs by 50% with Native data compression.
Implementation languageJavaC++C#JavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language (RQL)Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsJCacheADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersyesyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Terracotta Servertables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoby using Terracotta Serveryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-Clusternone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Immediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Clusternone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization BundleAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
EhcacheMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBStardogTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
EhcacheMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBStardogTinkerGraph
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