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DBMS > EXASOL vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
RDF storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.27
Rank#97  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.73
Rank#204  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score93.51
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.comorientdb.orgrdf4j.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­resourceswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperExasolOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2000201020042014
Current release3.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoRDF Schemasyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language, no joinsnoyes
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJava, Javascriptyesuser defined functions
TriggersyesHooksyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
EXASOLOrientDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflake
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