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DBMS > EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake vs. SwayDB

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake vs. SwayDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSwayDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataAn embeddable, non-blocking, type-safe key-value store for single or multiple disks and in-memory storage
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.81
Rank#88  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#214  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score58.26
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#327  Overall
#50  Key-value stores
Websitewww.exasol.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrdf4j.orgwww.snowflake.comswaydb.io
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperExasolMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Snowflake Computing Inc.Simer Plaha
Initial release20001989200420142018
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercialOpen Source infoGNU Affero GPL V3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemasyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesnoyesno
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Kotlin
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnoneyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACIDAtomic execution of operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
EXASOLMicrosoft SQL ServerRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflakeSwayDB
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