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DBMS > EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Prometheus vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Prometheus vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.53
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score6.27
Rank#62  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#44  Document stores
Websitewww.exasol.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverprometheus.iowww.torodb.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverprometheus.io/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperExasolMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2000198920152016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesno
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes infoby FederationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
EXASOLMicrosoft SQL ServerPrometheusToroDB
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