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DBMS > EXASOL vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.91
Rank#85  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score31.33
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.27
Rank#103  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.com/­en/­productsazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperExasolMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200020142014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methods.Net
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJavaScriptuser defined functions
TriggersyesJavaScriptno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
EXASOLMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSnowflake
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