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DBMS > EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.16
Rank#116  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score4.93
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#106  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#50  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitewww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latesthelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.SAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release20002007199420141998
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.116.1 SPS04, April 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yesuser defined functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)yesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)SAP/Sybase Replication ServeryesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)Hadoop integrationnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
EXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflakeVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
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Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
EXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflakeVirtuoso
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