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DBMS > EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.09
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.16
Rank#116  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score4.93
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score2.05
Rank#119  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.compingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latesthelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.SAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20002007199420142016
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.116.1 SPS04, April 20194.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yesuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)yesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)SAP/Sybase Replication ServeryesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)Hadoop integrationnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
EXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflakeTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
EXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflakeTiDB
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