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DBMS > EXASOL vs. Grakn vs. JaguarDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. Grakn vs. JaguarDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonJaguarDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Performant, highly scalable DBMS for AI and IoT applicationsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Key-value storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.86
Rank#90  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#339  Overall
#59  Key-value stores
Score513.92
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.com/­en/­productsgrakn.aiwww.datajaguar.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.datajaguar.com/­support.phpwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperExasolGrakn LabsDataJaguar, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2000201620151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1.6.2, January 20202.9.4 September 201812.2, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL V3.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++ infothe server part. Clients available in other languagesC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infobut no views, foreign keys, triggersyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using CassandraShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
EXASOLGraknJaguarDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
SQL support, group by, order by, join
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Extremely easy to scale-out (in seconds) 100,000 times faster
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
IoT data, time series data, AI data. Any type of numerical data.
» more
Key customersQuantea, 2PiDay, Synqy, SinoLogistics, IIVI
» more
Market metricsAdvertising awareness, installed base, brand image, market share
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Free-trial license, per-node license, and subscription license.
» more
News

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
EXASOLGraknJaguarDBPostgreSQL
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