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DBMS > EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.91
Rank#85  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#107  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score2.27
Rank#103  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.com/­en/­productscloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcescloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperExasolGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200020152014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes
APIs and other access methods.Net
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnouser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
EXASOLGoogle Cloud BigtableSnowflake
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Exasol Survey: Nearly Two Thirds of Analytics Projects Are Jeopardized Due to Poor Access to the Right Data
15 October 2019, Business Wire

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