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DBMS > EXASOL vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Large scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.81
Rank#88  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.comcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­resourcescloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperExasolGoogleMicrosoftSAP
Initial release2000201019892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesyes
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
EXASOLGoogle BigQueryMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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