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DBMS > EXASOL vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.70
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score10.12
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score5.04
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score1.84
Rank#128  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­resourcesapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperExasolFoundationDBThomas MuellerYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20002013200520012017
Current release6.2.28, November 20201.4.200, October 20192.6.1, October 20212.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyessupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsin SQL-layer onlyJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenoneHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer onlyyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
EXASOLFoundationDBH2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesPostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
EXASOLFoundationDBH2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBYugabyteDB
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