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DBMS > EXASOL vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison EXASOL vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Access

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.86
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score1.36
Rank#149  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#74  Relational DBMS
Score9.92
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score5.06
Rank#75  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score119.24
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.exasol.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationwww.exasol.com/­resourcesapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperExasolFoundationDBThomas MuellerMicrosoft
Initial release20002013200520011992
Current release6.2.28, November 20201.4.200, October 20192.6.1, October 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licensecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyessupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methods.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJava
Lua
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsin SQL-layer onlyJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesnoyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoHadoop integrationnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer onlyyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
EXASOLFoundationDBH2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Access
DB-Engines blog posts

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