DBMS > EJDB vs. Neo4j vs. TinkerGraph
System Properties Comparison EJDB vs. Neo4j vs. TinkerGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||EJDB Xexclude from comparison||Neo4j Xexclude from comparison||TinkerGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Embeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)||Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings||A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API|
|Primary database model||Document store||Graph DBMS||Graph DBMS|
|Current release||5.14, November 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPLv2||Open Source GPL version3, commercial licenses available||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.|
|Implementation language||C||Java, Scala||Java|
|Server operating systems||server-less||Linux Can also be used server-less as embedded Java database.|
|Data scheme||schema-free||schema-free and schema-optional||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes string, integer, double, bool, date, object_id||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no|
|Secondary indexes||no||yes pluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||no||no|
|APIs and other access methods||in-process shared library||Bolt protocol|
Cypher query language
Neo4j-OGM Object Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
|Supported programming languages||Actionscript|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||yes User defined Procedures and Functions||no|
|Triggers||no||yes via event handler||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||yes using Neo4j Fabric||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||none||Causal Clustering using Raft protocol available in in Enterprise Version only||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup|
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no typically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possible||yes Relationships in graphs||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes Read/Write Locking||yes||no|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||optional|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes|
|User concepts Access control||no||Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)||no|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...|
|Competitive advantages||Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...|
|Typical application scenarios||Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...|
|Key customers||Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...|
|Market metrics||Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...|
|Licensing and pricing models||GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...|
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