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DBMS > EJDB vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison EJDB vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEJDB  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.27
Rank#273  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score0.27
Rank#275  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score4.03
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteejdb.orgmemgraph.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.postgresql.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationgithub.com/­Softmotions/­ejdb/­blob/­master/­README.mddocs.memgraph.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperSoftmotionsMemgraph LtdOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2012201720111989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1998
Current release21.2, September 202114.0, September 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2commercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC and C++JavaC
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinuxLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, bool, date, object_idyesoptionalyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsin-process shared libraryBolt protocol
Cypher query language
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Objective-C
Pike
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.PL/SQL
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infodynamic graph partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication using RAFTElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possibleyes inforelationships in graphsnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infowith snapshot isolationconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoRead/Write Lockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infooff heap cachenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissionsAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
EJDBMemgraphOracle NoSQLPostgreSQLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsMemgraph directly connects to your streaming infrastructure so you and your team...
» more
Competitive advantagesBusiness Source License ensures a future for the Memgraph community MAGE algorithm...
» more
Typical application scenariosGraph algorithms in bioinformatics Social network analysis Cryptocurrency network...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYou can check out our pricing model and licenses on the company website .
» more

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More resources
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DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Graph database company Memgraph raises $9.34M
5 October 2021, VentureBeat

Memgraph Launches Streaming Graph Algorithms to the Masses; Announces $9.34MM Seed Funding Led by Microsoft's M12
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Croatian Memgraph Company Celebrates Expansion and Investment
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Memgraph: Microsoft's M12 Fund Participated in Investment in Startup
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