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DBMS > EJDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison EJDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEJDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEmbeddable document-store database library with JSON representation of queries (in MongoDB style)Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.24
Rank#276  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score4.27
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score4.41
Rank#82  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score4.81
Rank#78  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#43  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteejdb.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationgithub.com/­Softmotions/­ejdb/­blob/­master/­README.mdcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftmotionsGoogleOracleOpenLink Software
Initial release2012201520111998
Current release21.2, September 202108.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2commercialOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC
Server operating systemsserver-lesshostedLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, integer, double, bool, date, object_idnooptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsin-process shared librarygRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Objective-C
Pike
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integrationyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not needed, however similar functionality with collection joins possiblenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic single-row operationsconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoRead/Write Lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
EJDBGoogle Cloud BigtableOracle NoSQLVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
EJDBGoogle Cloud BigtableOracle NoSQLVirtuoso
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