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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.44
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score486.23
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score58.68
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comwww.mongodb.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release200520092007
Current release14, December 20216.0.1, August 20224.4.11, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentsOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageCC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.JavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMongoDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
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Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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