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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.27
Rank#114  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.72
Rank#204  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMicrosoftSAP
Initial release200519892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2010
Current releaseV13, October 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (JuneĀ 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functionsSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgres-XLSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
EDB PostgresMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgres-XLSAP HANA
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