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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. RDF4J vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. RDF4J vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.62
Rank#108  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#217  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databaserdf4j.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databaserdf4j.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMicrosoftOracleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.SAP
Initial release20051989198020042010
Current releaseV13, October 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (JuneĀ 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyesSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMicrosoft SQL ServerOracleRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
EDB PostgresMicrosoft SQL ServerOracleRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSAP HANA
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