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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.59
Rank#117  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score81.98
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1250.31
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMicrosoftOracle
Initial release200520101980
Current release14, December 2021V1221c, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Transact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

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More resources
EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle
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