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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. TimescaleDB vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. TimescaleDB vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platformA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQLA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.06
Rank#124  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score7.54
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#337  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.timescale.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.timescale.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMicrosoftTimescale8Kdata
Initial release2005201920172016
Current release14, December 2021cloud service with continuous releases2.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCCJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data typesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Yes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas infoSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerTimescaleDBToroDB
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
An Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerTimescaleDBToroDB
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