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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Oracle vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used RDBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.59
Rank#117  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score37.95
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1250.31
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#85  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperEnterpriseDBMicrosoftOracleSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2005201419801994
Current release14, December 202121c, January 202116.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleyes
TriggersyesJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding, horizontal partitioningshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
SAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocan be realized in PL/SQLHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracleSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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More resources
EDB PostgresMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOracleSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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