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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.32
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score7.82
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.36
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.08
Rank#300  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
#16  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comwww.stardog.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperEnterpriseDBGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-UnionVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20052017200720102011
Current releaseV10, November 20174.1.1, July 20207.3.0, May 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaJavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnonoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4jStardogVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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