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DBMS > EDB Postgres vs. EsgynDB vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison EDB Postgres vs. EsgynDB vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEDB Postgres  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options and Oracle compatibility features, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Enterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.44
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#316  Overall
#143  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#240  Overall
#38  Document stores
Score40.41
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comwww.esgyn.cngithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­edb-docstechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperEnterpriseDBEsgynMicrosoft
Initial release2005201520142014
Current release14, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentscommercialOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++, JavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetJavaScript.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java Stored ProceduresView functions in JavaScriptJavaScript
TriggersyesnoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangeShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication between multi datacentersnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
EDB PostgresEsgynDBLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
EDB PostgresEsgynDBLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
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Recent citations in the news

The Competitive Advantage of Postgres
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18 November 2014, iProgrammer

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3 March 2022, Petri.com

ChaosDB: Infosec bods could pull anyone's plaintext Azure Cosmos DB keys at will from Microsoft admin tools
12 November 2021, The Register

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

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