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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Spark SQL vs. SQL.JS

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Spark SQL vs. SQL.JS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingPort of SQLite to JavaScript
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.63
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score18.04
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score0.63
Rank#241  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlsql.js.org
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlsql.js.org/­documentation/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by others
Initial release201820142012
Current release1.0.0, June 20243.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ScalaJavaScript
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Scala
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a file
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonono

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More resources
DuckDBSpark SQLSQL.JS
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