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DBMS > DuckDB vs. RocksDB vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. RocksDB vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.54
Rank#82  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score4.52
Rank#83  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Score19.78
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgrocksdb.orgspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikispark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperFacebook, Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201820132014
Current release0.10, February 20248.10.0, December 20233.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++Scala
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonono

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSpeedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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More resources
DuckDBRocksDBSpark SQL
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