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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Oracle vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Oracle vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSWidely used RDBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.46
Rank#81  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score1221.06
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score118.16
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperOracleDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201819802000
Current release0.10, February 202421c, January 20213.45.0  (15 January 2024), January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsserver-lessAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
server-less
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Devart ODBC driver for Oracle accesses Oracle databases from ODBC-compliant reporting, analytics, BI, and ETL tools on both 32 and 64-bit Windows, macOS, and Linux.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
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Recent citations in the news

In-Process Analytical Data Management with DuckDB
28 February 2024, InfoQ.com

A Comprehensive Guide for Using DuckDB With Go
13 July 2023, hackernoon.com

Seattle startup MotherDuck raises $52.5M at a $400M valuation to fuel DuckDB analytics platform
20 September 2023, GeekWire

MotherDuck Raises $52.5 Million Series B Funding as DuckDB Adoption Soars
20 September 2023, PR Newswire

DuckDB shuns VC breadcrumbs so support isn't all it's quacked up to be
5 October 2023, The Register

provided by Google News

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Universal API Access from Postgres and SQLite
27 February 2024, O'Reilly Media

Stanchion Turns SQLite Into A Column Store
15 February 2024, iProgrammer

A Closer Look at the Top 3 Embedded Databases: SQLite, RocksDB, and DuckDB
29 August 2023, hackernoon.com

SQLite Lands JSONB For Much Faster JSON Functions
6 December 2023, Phoronix

SQLite Vulnerability Could Put Thousands of Apps at Risk
24 September 2023, Dark Reading

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