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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.23
Rank#284  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score57.16
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#81  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteduckdb.orgneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201820072010
Current release0.2, August 20204.3.2, July 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
DuckDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – DeFi Blockchain Graph, FlatData, NER with SpaCy, NODES talks on API, App Development, DevOps, GraphQL, Bloom, Visual Query Builder
24 July 2021

#GraphCast: Graph-Native Scale, the Trillion+ Relationship Graph
23 July 2021

Certified Neo4j Professional T-Shirts Are Back!
22 July 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Data Journalism NYPD, Django Admin, Visualization Talks, CEO Podcast, Write Performance, Java GraphQL
17 July 2021

Graphs4Good: Insights into Police Misconduct with Graphs
15 July 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DuckDBNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

New CWI spin-off company DuckDB Labs: Solutions for fast database analytics
14 July 2021, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

4 predictions for open source in 2021
29 December 2020, IDG Connect

Integrating data science and relational systems — CWI Amsterdam
10 June 2020, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Data management system developed to bridge the gap between databases and data science
9 June 2020, Tech Xplore

provided by Google News

Video Highlights: Emil Eifrem on the Origins of Neo4j and the Ubiquity of Graphs
27 June 2021, insideBIGDATA

14 Year Old Database Startup Raises $325M To Challenge Oracle
3 July 2021, Forbes

Non-relational's quiet revolution in databases
1 July 2021, TechRepublic

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

Graph Database Market Size, Forecast, and Key Manufacturers – Amazon Web Services, Franz, IBM, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software – The Manomet Current
23 July 2021, The Manomet Current

provided by Google News

Global Graph Database Sales Market 2021 Future Set to Massive Growth with High CAGR value | Market Players: International Business Machines Corporation, OrientDB, DataStax, ArangoDB GmbH., Objectivity, Oracle, Neo Technology, Franz, Ontotext AD, S
20 July 2021, NeighborWebSJ

NoSQL Software Market 2021 Analysis by Trends, Technological Advancement, Forecast till 2028 | MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB – The Manomet Current
25 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market Size Analysis And Opportunities During 2021 To 2027| OrientDB, DataStax, ArangoDB GmbH.
29 June 2021, openPR

Graph Database Market Size, Forecast, and Key Manufacturers – Amazon Web Services, Franz, IBM, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software – The Manomet Current
23 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market 2019 | Strategic Assessment by Top Players: ArangoDB, Datastax Inc., Franz Inc., and More… – The Manomet Current
16 July 2021, The Manomet Current

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

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