DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > DuckDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#96  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score0.08
Rank#310  Overall
#139  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docswww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftHibernating RhinosTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release20182016198920101987
Current release0.2, August 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20195.3, November 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++C#C and C++
Server operating systemsserver-lesshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesSQL-like query language (RQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesyes
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DuckDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTransbase
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DuckDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTransbase
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

New CWI spin-off company DuckDB Labs: Solutions for fast database analytics
14 July 2021, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Apache Arrow 6 Improves Support For R and Rust
22 November 2021, iProgrammer

Apache Arrow 5 Improves Asynchronous Scanner
16 August 2021, iProgrammer

Beyond the mainstream database offerings
26 March 2020, TechCentral.ie

4 predictions for open source in 2021
29 December 2020, IDG Connect

provided by Google News

Microsoft Open-Sources Distributed Machine Learning Library SynapseML
28 December 2021, InfoQ.com

PINC AI™ Launches INsights, an Enhanced Technology Offering for Customized, On-Demand Healthcare Analytics
18 January 2022, Yahoo Finance

Confluent Releases New Features to Make Data Streaming Simple
19 January 2022, Database Trends and Applications

Winter 21/22 | TechnologyRecord.com
20 January 2022, Technology Record

Winter 2021/22 | TechnologyRecord.com
20 January 2022, Technology Record

provided by Google News

Domainless Access to MS SQL Server Tutorial
30 December 2021, Security Boulevard

SQL Server 2005 Express Edition - Part 32 - Distributed Service Broker Environment - Conducting Dialogs
10 October 2008, Database Journal

How to Connect Google Sheets to SQL Server
29 December 2021, BollyInside

NetApp NVMe-oF Review (A250)
21 January 2022, StorageReview.com

The PostgresSQL Transition Guide Helps You Make The Switch
18 January 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

NoSQL Software Market Is Likely to Experience a Tremendous Growth in Near Future | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
10 January 2022, Digital Journal

RavenDB outperforms Couchbase, saving 85% of storage budget
14 April 2021, TechGenix

How to create a new database with RavenDB
6 January 2021, TechRepublic

Global Document Databases Software Market Current Trends, Future Aspect Analysis 2021-2029 | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic – Discovery Sports Media
20 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

RavenDB 5 Improves Distributed Time-Series, Document Compression, and Indexing
3 August 2020, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Data Engineer
Solidigm, Folsom, CA

C# Developer
Sourcetable, San Francisco, CA

BI Architect - Azure Data Factory
Remote Job, Remote

Azure Admin
Saama Technologies Inc, Campbell, CA

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

Support Engineer - Azure Synapse
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

SQL Server Developer
Spruce, New York, NY

SQL Server Developer
WorkCog, Remote

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

Azure SQL Server DBA
Mid America Mortgage, Remote

SQL SERVER DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR
Conviso, Radford, VA

Associate Software Engineer
PartsSource, Cleveland, OH

Junior Software Engineer
Home Depot / THD, Atlanta, GA

Junior Developer- Global Custom Commerce
Home Depot / THD, Houston, TX

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

.NET Software Developer - REMOTE optional
Proto Labs Inc, Maple Plain, MN

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here