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DBMS > DuckDB vs. etcd vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. etcd vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA distributed reliable key-value storeGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score10.81
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score40.82
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.15
Rank#296  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
docs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperMicrosoft
Initial release201820142009
Current release0.2, August 20203.4, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++GoJava
Server operating systemsserver-lessFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScriptno
Triggersnoyes, watching key changesJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno

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More resources
DuckDBetcdMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTinkerGraph
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