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DBMS > DuckDB vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.54
Rank#82  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score97.23
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1106.67
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.com
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20182009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19951995
Current release0.10, February 202411.2.3, February 20248.3.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed database with the reliability of MySQL and the scale of open source Vitess with PlanetScale today. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
  • Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsserver-lessFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
DuckDBMariaDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB Servers have many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational applications that require high availability, scalability...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMariaDB plc subscriptions cover our free, open source database, Community Server,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

PlanetScale: Deploy a fully managed serverless database with the reliability of MySQL and the tested scalability of Vitess. Predictably scale, increase workflow velocity, and deploy features with zero downtime.
Get started with a PlanetScale database today for free.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for MySQL and many other database management systems.
» more

Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DuckDBMariaDBMySQL
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