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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSWell established RDBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Score5.50
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score102.59
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsdocs.actian.com/­ingresmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperActian CorporationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release20181974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2009
Current release0.2, August 202011.0, April 201710.6.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++
Server operating systemsserver-lessAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneIngres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DuckDBIngresMariaDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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3rd partiesClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
DuckDBIngresMariaDB
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