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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.22
Rank#286  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score18.71
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.com
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperClouderaNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201820132007
Current release0.2, August 20203.4.0, April 20204.3.7, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
DuckDBImpalaNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Jeremy Grignard, Pegasus, FastRP, and a Brand New Node.js Course on GraphAcademy
27 November 2021

Using a Hybrid Technique to Detect Illicit Activities in Shell Companies
22 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Health Care & Life Sciences Workshop, Cloudflare Workers, Apache Hop, and More
20 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DuckDBImpalaNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

New CWI spin-off company DuckDB Labs: Solutions for fast database analytics
14 July 2021, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

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16 August 2021, iProgrammer

4 predictions for open source in 2021
29 December 2020, IDG Connect

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Neo4j Announces 2021 Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021, PRNewswire

Graph database company Neo4j launches free fully-managed cloud service
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

Neo4j Delivers 417% ROI in 2021 Total Economic Impact Study
18 November 2021, MarTech Series

Neo4j Will Use Funds to Expand Managed Cloud Database
9 November 2021, DevOps.com

Google's Ex-CFO Joins Board of $2bn Database Startup Neo4j
9 November 2021, Business Insider

provided by Google News

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