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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­dochelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSAP
Initial release2018201319952010
Current release0.2, August 20203.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsserver-lessLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxSQLScript, R
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes

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More resources
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