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DBMS > DuckDB vs. Immudb vs. Pinecone

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. Immudb vs. Pinecone

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonPinecone  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.A managed, cloud-native vector database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.68
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#307  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score3.29
Rank#94  Overall
#2  Vector DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orggithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
immudb.io
www.pinecone.io
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docsdocs.immudb.iodocs.pinecone.io/­docs/­overview
DeveloperCodenotaryPinecone Systems, Inc
Initial release201820202019
Current release0.10, February 20241.2.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Go
Server operating systemsserver-lessBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesString, Number, Boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like syntaxno
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlno

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More resources
DuckDBImmudbPinecone
DB-Engines blog posts

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2 June 2023, Matthias Gelbmann

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