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DBMS > DuckDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.37
Rank#171  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Score149.56
Rank#8  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score912.51
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperIBMMicrosoft
Initial release20181983 infohost version1989
Current release0.2, August 202012.1, October 2016SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsserver-lessAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versiontables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DuckDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

MotherDuck secures investment from Andreessen Horowitz to commercialize DuckDB
15 November 2022, TechCrunch

MotherDuck raises $47.5M for open source DuckDB database
15 November 2022, TechTarget

DuckDB, database wrangler used by Google, Facebook, and Airbnb, hits 0.5.0
9 September 2022, The Register

What The Heck Is DuckDB?
26 July 2022, hackernoon.com

Redpoint Ventures and Madrona Invest in MotherDuck's $12.5 Million Seed Round
23 November 2022, Goodwin Procter

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2 November 2022, IT Jungle

Dremio pushes further into data warehouse land – Blocks and Files
28 November 2022, Blocks and Files

Db2 goes 'cloud-first' as IBM struggles to lift database dinosaur
27 October 2022, The Register

IBM sues Micro Focus, claims it copied Big Blue mainframe software
22 November 2022, The Register

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SQL Server license prices rise ten percent as version 2022 debuts
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22 November 2022, Container Journal

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18 November 2022, Built In

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