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DBMS > DuckDB vs. H2 vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. H2 vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.46
Rank#81  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score8.14
Rank#50  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score118.16
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.h2database.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201820052000
Current release0.10, February 20242.2.220, July 20233.45.0  (15 January 2024), January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemsserver-lessAll OS with a Java VMserver-less
Data schemeyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
JavaActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
DuckDBH2SQLite
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Recent citations in the news

In-Process Analytical Data Management with DuckDB
28 February 2024, InfoQ.com

A Comprehensive Guide for Using DuckDB With Go
13 July 2023, hackernoon.com

Seattle startup MotherDuck raises $52.5M at a $400M valuation to fuel DuckDB analytics platform
20 September 2023, GeekWire

MotherDuck Raises $52.5 Million Series B Funding as DuckDB Adoption Soars
20 September 2023, PR Newswire

DuckDB shuns VC breadcrumbs so support isn't all it's quacked up to be
5 October 2023, The Register

provided by Google News

Universal API Access from Postgres and SQLite
27 February 2024, O'Reilly Media

Stanchion Turns SQLite Into A Column Store
15 February 2024, iProgrammer

A Closer Look at the Top 3 Embedded Databases: SQLite, RocksDB, and DuckDB
29 August 2023, hackernoon.com

SQLite Lands JSONB For Much Faster JSON Functions
6 December 2023, Phoronix

SQLite Vulnerability Could Put Thousands of Apps at Risk
24 September 2023, Dark Reading

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