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DBMS > DuckDB vs. EXASOL vs. Manticore Search vs. Solr vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison DuckDB vs. EXASOL vs. Manticore Search vs. Solr vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonManticore Search  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Multi-storage database for search, including full-text search.A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engineSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS infousing the Manticore Columnar LibrarySpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.34
Rank#267  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score3.27
Rank#97  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#326  Overall
#20  Search engines
Score57.26
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score6.01
Rank#71  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#39  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteduckdb.orgwww.exasol.commanticoresearch.comlucene.apache.org/­solrvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationduckdb.org/­docswww.exasol.com/­resourcesmanual.manticoresearch.comlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperExasolManticore SoftwareApache Software FoundationOpenLink Software
Initial release20182000201720061998
Current release0.2, August 20204.2, December 20218.11.1, December 202108.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++JavaC
Server operating systemsserver-lessFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesFixed schemayes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesInt, Bigint, Float, Timestamp, Bit, Int array, Bigint array, JSON, Booleanyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoCan index from XMLyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query languageSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
JDBC
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
Binary API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/SQL API
SQL over MySQL
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Java
Lua
Python
R
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functionsJava pluginsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesnoyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSynchronous replication based on Galera libraryyesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes infoisolated transactions for atomic changes and binary logging for safe writesoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Manticore index.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardnoyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
DuckDBEXASOLManticore SearchSolrVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
DuckDBEXASOLManticore SearchSolrVirtuoso
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