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DBMS > Druid vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Druid vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Druid and PostgreSQL with Cassandra, Elasticsearch and InfluxDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDruid  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for OLAP queries on timeseries dataWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.84
Rank#113  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.iowww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdruid.io/­docs/­latest/­design/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMetamarkets Group and contributorsPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release12.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL support via Apache Calcite adapteryes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJSON over HTTPnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoavailable via extensionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DruidPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Imply launches with $2M to commercialize the Druid open-source data store
19 October 2015, VentureBeat

What's Behind Lyft's Choices in Big Data Tech
10 May 2019, Datanami

Hadoop Creator Yahoo Finds It's Not Enough, Turns to Druid
30 July 2015, ADT Magazine

Yahoo Casts Real-Time OLAP Queries with Druid
4 August 2015, Datanami

Azure HDInsight Brings Next Generation Hadoop 3.0 and Enterprise Security to the Cloud
24 September 2018, HPCwire

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

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