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DBMS > Druid vs. FoundationDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Druid vs. FoundationDB vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDruid  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for OLAP queries on timeseries dataOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.17
Rank#118  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score1.02
Rank#164  Overall
#24  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score152.87
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgredis.io
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designapple.github.io/­foundationdbredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperMetamarkets Group and contributorsFoundationDBSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201220132009
Current release6.2.11, November 20196.0.6, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL support via Apache Calcite adaptersupported in specific SQL layer onlyno
APIs and other access methodsJSON over HTTPproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyLua
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoavailable via extensionsnoSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version

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More resources
DruidFoundationDBRedis
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Recent citations in the news

Introducing Apache Druid
17 January 2020, insideBIGDATA

Druid Developer Expands Query Options
17 April 2020, Datanami

Druid Developer Ramps Cloud-Native Approach
10 December 2019, Datanami

Real-Time Analytics from Your Data Lake Teaching the Elephant to Dance
21 January 2020, insideBIGDATA

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Key Value Database Market Challenges and Growth Factor By 2026| The Apache Software Foundation, Redis Labs, Aerospike
4 August 2020, Weekly Wall

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

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23 July 2020, TechTarget

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