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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Nebula Graph vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Nebula Graph vs. SAP Adaptive Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator, FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function, distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.06
Rank#315  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
Score2.75
Rank#89  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#271  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score52.63
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitememgraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorergithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationdocs.memgraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.nebula-graph.iohelp.sap.com/­adaptive-server-enterprise
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdMicrosoftVesoft Inc.SAP, Sybase
Initial release20082017201920191987
Current release7.2.4, September 2012cloud service with continuous releases16.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxhostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)Strong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C++
Go
Java
Python
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Multi-Master replication using RAFTyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Causal Clustering using Raft protocolMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsAzure Active Directory AuthenticationRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleMemgraphMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNebula GraphSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linear scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over a thousand stars...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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DrizzleMemgraphMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerNebula GraphSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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