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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Well established RDBMSA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.65
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerActian CorporationVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20081974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.2.4, September 201211.0, April 201713.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++CC++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Ingres ReplicatorCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleIngresNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: RBO
14 September 2021

Game Pocket Monsters with Nebula Graph
3 September 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Validator
20 August 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: An Overview
13 August 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained | Vol.00 Preface
5 August 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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