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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Well established RDBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.65
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score171.94
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
redis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerActian CorporationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release20081974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20092009
Current release7.2.4, September 201211.0, April 201710.6.4, August 20216.2.5, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++CC and C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Ingres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleIngresMariaDBRedis
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRedis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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