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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Ingres vs. MariaDB vs. Nebula Graph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Well established RDBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.65
Rank#65  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#168  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
github.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerActian CorporationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Vesoft Inc.
Initial release20081974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s20092019
Current release7.2.4, September 201211.0, April 201710.6.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++C++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Ingres ReplicatorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleIngresMariaDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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DrizzleIngresMariaDBNebula Graph
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