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DBMS > Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.56
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.14
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release2008201319892017
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.4.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosDevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsWith over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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More resources
DrizzleImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

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10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

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Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
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Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

Timescale Launches Industry's First Multi-Node Relational Database for Time-Series Data, Giving Organizations Unprecedented Scale
29 October 2020, Business Wire

Timescale scales out and sets its sights on analytics
17 June 2021, ZDNet

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