DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TigerGraph vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.24
Rank#121  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.tigergraph.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.tigergraph.comdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release20082013201420172017
Current release7.2.4, September 20124.0.0, July 20212.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxhostedLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (GSQL)yes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptyesuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraphTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DrizzleImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTigerGraphTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

How to add a data source to Redash
5 April 2022, TechRepublic

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

Hackers manage to smash Microsoft's Azure Cosmos DB database cluster, reveal poor security practices
12 November 2021, MSPoweruser

provided by Google News

TigerGraph Graph for All Million Dollar Challenge Finalists Push the Boundaries of Graph and AI Technology; Projects Help Refugees, Detect Organized Crime, and Fight Global Misinformation
5 May 2022, GlobeNewswire

TigerGraph Delivers 600% ROI and $20.81M in Net Present
12 May 2022, GlobeNewswire

Graph + AI Summit 2022 Unveils Agenda Featuring Sessions and Speakers from US Bank, Xbox, Intuit, Constellation Research, Gartner, and More
11 May 2022, GlobeNewswire

TigerGraph Releases New Benchmark Report
20 April 2022, Datanami

What do graph database benchmarks mean for enterprises?
11 May 2022, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Timescale Announces OpenTelemetry Tracing Support for Promscale
16 May 2022, Business Wire

Timescale launches the new Timescale Cloud, a hosted relational database for time-series
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale Valuation Rockets to Over $1B with $110M Round, Marking the Explosive Rise of Time-Series Data
22 February 2022, Business Wire

How time series platforms unlock the potential of IoT: Join theCUBE for May 17 event
10 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Engineer
PNC Financial Services Group, Pittsburgh, PA

Business Intelligence Developer
Early Warning Services, Scottsdale, AZ

Planning Engineer I
SEAL Consulting, United States

Senior Software Engineer- Query Engines
Workday, Pleasanton, CA

Federal - Data Engineering/ETL Developer
Accenture, Indianapolis, IN

Site Reliability Engineer – Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Entry Level .Net/C# Software Developer - Summer 2022 (Nationwide or Remote)
BDO, Austin, TX

Security Researcher
Microsoft, Atlanta, GA

Sales Development Representative II
TigerGraph, Boston, MA

Data Scientist-Intermediate (Remote)
USAA, San Antonio, TX

Staff Data Scientist - Recommender Systems
Kaiser Permanente, Los Angeles, CA

Senior Data Engineer
MetaMap, San Francisco, CA

Data Scientist Associate Sr
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Columbus, OH

Data Quality and Cataloguing Analyst
Shell Energy Solutions, The Woodlands, TX

Software Engineer, Lily
Protocol Labs, Remote

Database Administrator - Team Lead
Akuna Capital, Chicago, IL

Sr. Data Engineer
Protocol Labs, Remote

Staff / Principal Engineer - Special Projects Group (SPG)
Harness.io, Mountain View, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here