DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the hard real time dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SQL.JS vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. SQL.JS vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database servicePort of SQLite to JavaScriptA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.09
Rank#170  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Score4.70
Rank#83  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbsql.js.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbsql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaMicrosoftAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersTimescale
Initial release20082013201420122017
Current release7.2.4, September 20124.0.0, July 20212.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++JavaScriptC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linuxhostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
JavaScript.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScriptnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DrizzleImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSQL.JSTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosTime-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DrizzleImpalaMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSQL.JSTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

How to add a data source to Redash
5 April 2022, TechRepublic

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Document Databases Software Market is Expected to Reach US$ 43.33 Bn by the End of 2031-MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

Meet AlaSQL, a speedy SQL database for JavaScript
15 January 2019, JAXenter

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Timescale Announces OpenTelemetry Tracing Support for Promscale
16 May 2022, Business Wire

Timescale launches the new Timescale Cloud, a hosted relational database for time-series
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale Valuation Rockets to Over $1B with $110M Round, Marking the Explosive Rise of Time-Series Data
22 February 2022, Business Wire

Timescale grabs $40M Series B as it goes all in on cloud version of time series database
5 May 2021, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Engineer
PNC Financial Services Group, Pittsburgh, PA

Business Intelligence Developer
Early Warning Services, Scottsdale, AZ

Planning Engineer I
SEAL Consulting, United States

Senior Software Engineer- Query Engines
Workday, Pleasanton, CA

Principal Software Engineer - Query Engines
Workday, United States

Support Engineering - Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

Site Reliability Engineer – Azure Cosmos DB
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

MS Azure Sr. Developer or Architect
Wintrio, Austin, TX

Entry Level .Net/C# Software Developer - Summer 2022 (Nationwide or Remote)
BDO, Austin, TX

Security Researcher
Microsoft, Atlanta, GA

Junior Software Engineer - Hybrid WFH / Java / SQL / JS
Vermont Information Processing, Colchester, VT

Software Developer
Country Maid Inc, West Bend, IA

Senior Analyst, Technology, Data and Analytics
Bacardi, Miami, FL

ServiceNow Developer
Alvarez & Marsal, New York, NY

Manager of Data Engineering
Foundry, Rochester, NY

Data Quality and Cataloguing Analyst
Shell Energy Solutions, The Woodlands, TX

Database Administrator - Team Lead
Akuna Capital, Chicago, IL

Software Engineer, Lily
Protocol Labs, Remote

Staff / Principal Engineer - Special Projects Group (SPG)
Harness.io, Mountain View, CA

Sr. Data Engineer
Protocol Labs, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here